Home UK Two years since we voted for Brexit heres what still needs to...

Two years since we voted for Brexit heres what still needs to be done


It has been two full years since Britain went to the polls and voted to leave the EU- so what should we be expecting in the final countdown to Brexit day?

There are still 279 days to go until we officially leave on March 29, 2019, but it wont all be over then.

The process of quitting the EU is due to roll out over many years to come, and is likely to bring a multitude of uncertainties along the way.

Two years since we voted for Brexit here's what still needs to be done

Theresa May signs Article 50, formally declaring Britain is leaving the European Union (Picture: Getty)

Here are the dates to look out for along the way.


JUNE 28-29

A big issue for Britain and Ireland is the question of an open border. In June, EU leaders will meet for a European Council summit in Brussels.

The European Commission and Irish government have made clear they would like agreement here on the backstop arrangement to regulate the border with Northern Ireland in the absence of a viable alternative proposal from the UK.

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But Britain will try to delay this decision. Theresa May told MPs last week that the summit was not about the Brexit negotiations.



Leaders of the EU27 will also meet the EUs chief negotiator Michel Barnier in Mrs Mays absence to discuss the progress of negotiations.

Another issue to be tackled will be Gibraltar, which MP Ken Clarke has said will make the the Irish problem look like a picnic.

The British territory voted to remain in the EU by 96%, afterall their survival relies on a large part on Spanish cooperation, meaning a hard Brexit could make things very difficult for the tax haven.

epa06778635 Traffic passes anti Brexit signs on the County Derry/Londonderry Northern Ireland and County Donegal in the Irish Republic, 01 June 2018. Northern Ireland could be given joint EU and UK status and a 'buffer zone' on its border with the Republic, under new plans being drawn up by David Davis, according to reports. EPA/PAUL MCERLANE

One of the biggest issues to Government is yet to address is the Northern Irish border (Picture: EPA)


Senior ministers will meet at Chequers, the country house of the Prime Minister – reportedly on July 5 and 6 – to thrash out the final wording of a White Paper which will set out in detail the Governments vision for life after Brexit.

Also in July, bills on post-Brexit trade and customs will return to the Commons, with the potential for rebellions on issues like membership of the European Customs Union.


Mr Barnier says agreement is needed at the October 18 European Council summit on the final legal text of the Withdrawal Agreement, in order to give time for its ratification before Brexit Day.

The UK also wants a political declaration setting out the broad terms of the future relationship. If outstanding issues are not settled before the summit, there may be little scope for last-minute negotiation to clinch a deal in Brussels, as the leaders of the 27 remaining states are due to discuss Brexit in the absence of Mrs May.

European Union Chief Negotiator in charge of Brexit negotiations, Michel Barnier speaks during a press conference after he unveiled a draft Brexit divorce treaty at the EU headquarters in Brussels on February 28, 2018. British-ruled Northern Ireland could stay in a customs union with the EU after Brexit, the bloc's chief negotiator Michel Barnier said today. / AFP PHOTO / Aris Oikonomou (Photo credit should read ARIS OIKONOMOU/AFP/Getty Images)

EU Chief Negotiator Michel Barnier says agreement is needed at the October 18 European Council summit on the final legal text of the Withdrawal Agreement (Picture: AFP/Getty)




If a final text is agreed at the October meeting, the Withdrawal Agreement will go to the UK and European parliaments for formal consent.

If not, there may be a last-ditch attempt to secure a deal at the European Council on December 13 – or even a special Brexit summit in November.

Pic By HotSpot Media - WOMAN NEARLY LOSES FINGERS AFTER FALLING IN SCALDING HOT OVEN ??? IN PIC ??? Shaz McCormack, 20, of Maidstone, Kent. - A woman has revealed how she was left horrifically scarred and almost lost her fingers after she fell into a hot oven during an epileptic seizure. Shaz McCormack, 20, of Maidstone, Kent, suffered a four-minute long convulsion while she was cooking a roast dinner for her family. Thankfully, a neighbour heard banging and alerted the fire brigade who rescued her. Shaz, a care home nursing assistant suffered third-degree burns to both her arms and needed skin grafts to repair the damage.Woman's horrific burns after she fell into oven during epileptic seizure

If agreement is not reached by the end of December, European Parliament Brexit co-ordinator Guy Verhofstadt has said it will be too late for it to ratified by MEPs in time for the official date of Brexit in March.

A Withdrawal and Implementation Bill will be introduced in Parliament to give legal force to the Withdrawal Agreement. Another bill setting out post-Brexit immigration rules is expected by the end of the year.

Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union David Davis delivers a speech in London, on the UK's vision for our future security relationship with the EU. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Picture date: Wednesday June 6, 2018. See PA story POLITICS Brexit. Photo credit should read: Leon Neal/PA Wire

Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union David Davis is a key figure among all of this (Picture: PA)


MARCH 21-22

Final European Council summit in which the UK will take part as a member state.


Two years after the signing of Article 50, the UK will no longer be a member of the EU.

Because the exact moment of exit is midnight Brussels time, the UK is due to leave at 11pm on March 29.

epa06825638 US President Donald J. Trump speaks before signing an executive order to stop migrant children from being separated from their parents at the US border in the Cabinet Room of the White House Washington, DC, USA 20 June 2018. The Trump administration was facing bipartisan criticism for its 'zero tolerance' policy at the border, which resulted in the separations. EPA/JIM LO SCALZODonald Trump's second visit is already being planned for after Brexit

Under the terms of the EU (Withdrawal) Bill, the bulk of Brussels legislation will be automatically transposed on to the UK statute book.

However, Britain will continue to pay into the EU budget and remain subject to EU rules and regulations – while having no say over them – for the duration of the transition.


The UK Government has said that a future relationship agreement can be finalised in time for Brexit Day, but this have been treated with scepticism by many commentators.

File photo dated 29/03/17 of an EU flag flying in front of the Houses of Parliament in London. Theresa May is facing another parliamentary bust-up over her flagship Brexit legislation after a compromise designed to keep critics in her own party on board was denounced as "unacceptable" by Tory Remainers. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Thursday June 14, 2018 The move was branded "sneaky" by one backbencher while another senior pro-EU Tory said the wording of a Government amendment was changed at the last minute to deny MPs the chance of blocking a "no deal" Brexit. See PA story POLITICS Brexit. Photo credit should read: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

We might be two years into the decision to leave- but theres a long way to go just yet (Picture: PA)


European Parliament elections will take place for the first time without the UK.


Mr Barnier has said he expects negotiations to continue on Britains future relationship, including a free trade deal, during the transition.

Any agreement is likely to be subject to formal approval by national and regional parliaments across the EU.

The UK will seek talks with other countries on free trade deals, though the Commission insists that these cannot be signed until the transition period is over.

Intensive work can be expected on practical arrangements, such as the establishment of new regulatory agencies, recruitment of customs and immigration officers and amendment of business contracts.

KNUTSFORD, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 24: A European Union flag, with a hole cut in the middle, flies at half-mast outside a home in Knutsford Cheshire after today's historic referendum on June 24, 2016 in Knutsford, United Kingdom. The results from the historic EU referendum has now been declared and the United Kingdom has voted to LEAVE the European Union. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

A lot of the key decisions have yet to be made (Picture: PA)


The end of the transition period. Britain will stop payments into the EUs multi-year budget.


Under the Governments backstop proposals, elements of the Customs Union could remain in force throughout the UK after transition, in order to prevent a hard border in Northern Ireland.

Ministers say they expect this arrangement to last no longer than the end of 2021, by which time a better system will be in place.

However, HM Revenue & Customs have suggested it could take until 2023 to implement a max fac system, using technology to ensure free movement across the border.

The Bank of England.

Britain will continue to pay the EU up until 2028, despite officially leaving in March next year (Picture: Getty)




Last possible date for the next general election.


UK is expected to complete payment of outstanding commitments towards EU projects.


UK ceases payments towards pensions of EU staff.



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